Commercial Litigation

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The Uniform Commercial Code in Hawaii

The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), Article 2, governs all contracts for the sale of goods in Hawaii under Title 27, Chapter 490, Article 2 of the Hawaii Revised Statutes (“HRS”). The purposes of the UCC are:

(1) To simplify, clarify, and modernize the law governing commercial transactions;(2) To permit the continued expansion of commercial practices through custom, usage, and agreement of the parties; and (3) To make uniform the law among the various jurisdictions. HRS § 490:1-103.

Service of a Complaint in Hawaii

In a lawsuit, the first document filed with the Court is usually the Complaint which contains, among other things, information on the parties involved and a concise statement of the facts of the case. The Complaint is accompanied by a Summons which is signed by a clerk of the Court. The next step involves service of the Complaint on the Defendant. According to Rule 4(1)-(8)of the Hawaii Rules of Civil Procedure, service of the Complaint can be made various ways depending on the type of defendant. These methods are listed in Rule 4 of the Hawaii Rules of Civil Procedure as follows:

Collecting Your Attorneys Fees in Hawaii

Under the American Rule, each litigant pays its own attorneys fees. I have been practicing civil litigation for over twenty years, and nothing seems to anger clients more about the American legal system than when they are forced to pay thousands of dollars in attorneys fees and costs simply to prove that they didn’t do anything wrong. Fortunately, under Hawaii law, in certain commercial cases, the prevailing party may recover some or all of its attorneys fees from the losing party. HRS § 607-14, states as follows:

Summary Judgment in Hawaii

In certain cases, clients can prevail in a case by filing a Motion for Summary Judgment.

Under Rule 56(c) of the Hawaii Rules of Civil Procedure, summary judgment is appropriate when there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Summary judgment can be defeated if a party shows that a genuine and material issue of fact is in dispute, State v. Midkiff, 49 Haw. 456, 421 P.2d 550 (1966).


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